北大 acm 1298 The Hardest Problem Ever 解题报告

Time Limit: 1000MS Memory Limit: 10000K Total Submissions: 11362 Accepted: 6442

Description

Julius Caesar lived in a time of danger and intrigue. The hardest situation Caesar ever faced was keeping himself alive. In order for him to survive, he decided to create one of the first ciphers. This cipher was so incredibly sound, that no one could figure it out without knowing how it worked.

You are a sub captain of Caesar’s army. It is your job to decipher the messages sent by Caesar and provide to your general. The code is simple. For each letter in a plaintext message, you shift it five places to the right to create the secure message (i.e., if the letter is ‘A’, the cipher text would be ‘F’). Since you are creating plain text out of Caesar’s messages, you will do the opposite:

Cipher text
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Plain text
V W X Y Z A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U

Only letters are shifted in this cipher. Any non-alphabetical character should remain the same, and all alphabetical characters will be upper case.

Input

Only letters are shifted in this cipher. Any non-alphabetical character should remain the same, and all alphabetical characters will be upper case.

Input
Input to this problem will consist of a (non-empty) series of up to 100 data sets. Each data set will be formatted according to the following description, and there will be no blank lines separating data sets. All characters will be uppercase.

A single data set has 3 components:

  1. Start line - A single line, “START”
  2. Cipher message - A single line containing from one to two hundred characters, inclusive, comprising a single message from Caesar
  3. End line - A single line, “END”

Following the final data set will be a single line, “ENDOFINPUT”.

Output

For each data set, there will be exactly one line of output. This is the original message by Caesar.

Sample Input

STARTNS BFW, JAJSYX TK NRUTWYFSHJ FWJ YMJ WJXZQY TK YWNANFQ HFZXJXENDSTARTN BTZQI WFYMJW GJ KNWXY NS F QNYYQJ NGJWNFS ANQQFLJ YMFS XJHTSI NS WTRJENDSTARTIFSLJW PSTBX KZQQ BJQQ YMFY HFJXFW NX RTWJ IFSLJWTZX YMFS MJENDENDOFINPUT

Sample Output

IN WAR, EVENTS OF IMPORTANCE ARE THE RESULT OF TRIVIAL CAUSESI WOULD RATHER BE FIRST IN A LITTLE IBERIAN VILLAGE THAN SECOND IN ROMEDANGER KNOWS FULL WELL THAT CAESAR IS MORE DANGEROUS THAN HE

简单的字符偏移,注意用gets()输入字符串

代码如下

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#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
char strfrom[10000],command[20];
int i;
freopen("t.txt","rt",stdin);
while(gets(command)&&strcmp(command,"ENDOFINPUT")!=0) //接收START 或 ENDOFINPUT
{
gets(strfrom); //接收正文
gets(command); //接收END
for(i=0;i<strlen(strfrom);i++)
{
if(strfrom[i]>'Z'||strfrom[i]<'A') continue;
strfrom[i]+=21; //每个字符向前偏移21位
if(strfrom[i]>'Z') strfrom[i]='A'+strfrom[i]-'Z'-1; //字符出界的处理
}
cout<<strfrom<<endl;
}
return 0;
}